National Narcotics Control Policy
Kingdom's Unity for Victory over Drugs Strategy


I. National Agenda to Overcome Drugs

As the drug problem has recently resumed to seriously impact the well being and security of the Thai people and society as a whole and become a national crisis miserably reflected by Her Majesty the Queen’s birthday speech on 11 August 2011, the Royal Thai government led by Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra announced the drug control policy as a national agenda calling upon all sectors of the Thai society to unite and concert their efforts to overcome the drug problem in her policy statement to the National Assembly on 23 August 2011. It is one of the urgent policies to be implemented in the first year of the government.

In line with the Order of the Prime Minister Office, No. 154/2554, dated 9 September 2011, the national drug control strategy called “the Kingdom’s Unity for Victory over Drugs” was lunched to be a national implementation guideline for all agencies concerned. Later, presided over by the Prime Minister, the national drug control campaign was publicly announced on 11 September 2011 at the Government House. All heads of public agencies responsible for drug control efforts, representatives of civil societies and Local Administrative Organizations were there to witness the campaign opening ceremony.

II. Drug Control Policy
With an aim to put an end to the nation-wide spread of drug abuse, the drug control policy is to mobilize the national efforts to overcome drugs. The government policy comprises of 4 mains elements. Firstly, in dealing with drug abusers/addicts, it is to reaffirm a principle of drug abusers/addicts being patients who are subject to be properly treated, given a second chance to reintegrate to a society and provided with systematically after-care services. Secondly, in order to prevent vulnerable groups and general public from being involved in illegal drugs, all segments should be encouraged and being united as a national force to combat drugs. Thirdly, in the suppression of drug traffickers, drug dealers, drug influential people and wrongdoers, it is to uphold the rule of law which law enforcement efforts should be strictly implemented. Lastly, to early detect the drug problems, international cooperation on control and interdiction of illegal drugs and precursor chemicals shall be proactive and managed in an integrated and effective manner.
III. Implementation Guidelines
In implementation of the drug control policy guided by the strategy, the concept of 7 plans, 4 adjustments, 3 principles, 6 priorities was revealed by Deputy Prime Minister Police Captain Chalerm Yubumrung, the director of the National Command Centre for Combating Drugs Elimination (NCCDE), as follows:
7 Plans:
Plan 1: Empowerment of communities: Communities/villages across the country are the most important elements of the implementation of the drug control policy where they must be aware of the danger of drugs as a common threat requiring mutual efforts to overcome the problem. It is targeted that a least 60,000 communities/villages out of the total number of 85,000 must be strengthened. Also under Her Majesty the Queen’s Fund program, Drug Control Learning Centers must be established in every district. In doing so, people will be empowered to strengthen their own communities/villages being free of drugs and safe in living. Community assembly would be a main mechanism of exploring the actual drug situation and relating problems in the communities/villages. While Government officials play a role of supporters, local Administration Organization would be a key drug control implementer drawing cooperation from civic groups, volunteers, community leaders, spiritual leaders and people organizations functioning in the area participating in the local drug control efforts. Drug monitoring networks within the area would also be enhanced and expanded to across the areas and to throughout the country. Family, school, educational institutes, temples, NGOs and people organizations would also be strengthened and encouraged to take their roles contributing to the drug control initiatives.
Plan 2: Demand reduction and treatment: Drug abusers/addicts would be treated as patients suffering of health problems. Government officials are to work with compassion in dealing with them and giving them a second chance to be back on track and reintegrating to their families and societies. Communities/villages would be centers of identifying drug abusers/addicts in the areas. Identifying process must be carefully carried out without individual bias. Also profiles of drug addicts/abusers would systematically be recorded. Within the first year of the government, proper treatments must be provided through three existing drug treatment systems including voluntary system, compulsory system and correctional system with an aim to reduce 400,000 drug abusers/addicts with 80% of no relapsing. Voluntary Treatment system would be a major channel putting in place various models of treatment aiming to encourage behavioral changes which may be taken place in the hospitals, the temples, confined compulsory treatment centers, special treatment centers and military camps, etc. People’s attitude in society would also be adjusted being compassionate to the ex-drug abusers/addicts allowing them to live on their own after completing the treatment. Vocational training program would be set up while minimizing the risk factors including misunderstanding in school and family, loss of employment and debt problems. All three treatment systems would also be improved so as the after-care services with an aim to reduce the relapsing rate leading to the actual demand reduction.
Plan 3: Potential demand reduction: It is to build anti-drug immunity to the general public and vulnerable groups including in school and school drop out youth with an aim to discourage initial use of drugs and stop the rising number of new drug abusers/addicts. Schools and educational institutes would be at the forefront of drug prevention efforts. In doing so, curriculum on drugs, various programs of recreational activities and life skill trainings would be put in place and promoted to dissuade the youth from falling victim to drugs. Risk areas and places would also be closely monitored and controlled, particularly, entertainment places, massage parlors, computer service centres and commercial residences.
Plan 4: Supply reduction: It is to disrupt the vicious cycle of a supply side of drugs between drug producers, drug traffickers, drug dealers, drug distributors and drug couriers. Law enforcement efforts on drug control would be escalated while strictly being uphold the rule of law. It is to step up counter drug measures particularly in investigating and prosecuting major drug criminals and identifying, freezing and confiscating drug criminal assets. In doing so, a national drug intelligence centre must be strengthened and utilized at its full capacity, drug criminal networks in every province must be disrupted, at least 10,000 cases of asset forfeiture must be closed, drug trafficking by prison gangs must be reduced and the corrupt state official must face a harsh punishment. Measures on asset forfeiture, money laundering and taxation must be utilized in an integrated manner in tackling major drug traffickers. The small scale of opium cultivation in the remote areas must be address through the expansion of the royal project in to the problem areas putting in place alternative livelihoods for opium growers. Judicial process would be adapted and improved for increasing the relevance and effectiveness of the law enforcement efforts while drug control law and regulation must be reviewed and improved in response to the continual change of drug situations.
Plan 5: International drug control cooperation: It is to seek cooperation with foreign countries particularly neighboring countries on the suppression of illegal drug production and trafficking. All dimensions of international cooperation on drug control, including intelligence sharing, precursor chemical control, joint border interdictions and joint counter drug operations must be enhanced. In doing so, Border Liaison Offices along the borders must be strengthened and utilized as channels of communication between law enforcement officers of Thailand and neighboring countries contributing to drug criminal disruptions and supply reduction in the country.
Plan 6: Border interdiction: It is to mobilize counter drug efforts along the borders to interdict the inflow of illegal drugs from the outsides of the country. In doing so, border check points must be strengthened, interdiction pressure along the borders must be heightened in a unify manner among relevant agencies concerned, counter drug patrols along the borders must be increased while check points in inner areas must be set up, expanded and carried out systematically. Communities/villages along the borders must be strengthened and empowered to be border defensive lines against drugs.
Plan 7: Integrative management: It is to mobilize national forces to combat drugs. In doing so, management mechanisms would be established at every level throughout the country. Drug control personnel, structure, mechanisms, budget must be reorganized in response to the one-year comprehensive drug control campaign ensuring the effectiveness and successfulness of the government to address the drug problem.
4 Adjustments
Adjustment 1: Information update: It is to improve and update information system on drug traffickers, drug abusers/addicts, vulnerable groups, problem areas, drug situations and drug control efforts. All information would be linked to the War Room set up at the ONCB and each province with an aim to following up and monitoring the development of drug situations and implementations carried out by agencies concerned at every level throughout the country ensuring the actual victory over drugs.
Adjustment 2: Proactive roles of state officials: As the drug control policy is a national agenda of the government, it means that state officials must be proactive in addressing the drug problems. In doing so, roles and responsibilities must clearly be acknowledged, efforts must be redoubled. Also it is important to coordinate with each other and deliver meaningful outcomes in order to ensure trust and confidence of the Thai people to the state officials.
Adjustment 3: Law and regulations improvement: With an aim to increase the effectiveness of drug control work, law and regulation constrains must be addressed, all legal procedures relating to drug control efforts both in terms of supply and demand reduction must be improved.
Adjustment 4: Attitude change: The Thai Society and communities would no longer see the government as the sole party responsible for drug control while realizing their own power, as individuals or communities, to overcome drug. The public would change their attitudes to ex-drug addicts who completing treatment or no longer committing drug criminal acts as ordinary people deserving a second chance to be part of the societies and communities.
3 Principles
Principle 1: Compassion: State official and the public directly or indirectly involving in drug control efforts must carry out those with compassion and realize their own important work to turn a wrongdoer to a decent person, to bring back a happy family and to resume peaceful living to community.
Principle 2: Rule of law: In addressing the drug problem, supply and demand reduction efforts must work together while the rule of law must be uphold.
Principle 3: Area approach: Province comprising districts, sub-districts and villages would be strengthened as a national platform to combat drug. Local public authorities and their partners would play key roles in identifying the problem, formulating their own plan addressing the problem. There are five local authorities including Provincial Governors, Provincial Police Chief, Provincial Public Health Chief, Provincial Educational Chief and Provincial Army Chief closely working together to tackle the drug problems in their commanding areas.
6 Priorities
Priority 1: To explore the real drug situation in each area, each province, it is a key role of each local authority. In doing so, information could be compiled from the interrogation of people involving in drugs and the arrangements of community assembly. Available information must be cross-checked to ensure its validity before being used to formulate the drug control plan. Also information centre must be set up in drug control mechanisms at every level.
Priority 2: To reduce number of drug abusers/addicts is one of the priorities which treatment planning and implementing bodies must develop an implementation plan, prepare quality-based services and fully comprehensive treatment interventions including various types of treatment programs, rehabilitation and relapse prevention programs, monitoring and aftercare arrangements and social and welfare support.
Priority 3: To enhance cooperation with foreign countries and interdiction efforts along the borders, it is aimed to reduce the inflow of illegal drug and minimize adverse impact of the drug problem on the Thai people. In doing so, joint operations would be expanded, counter drug operation along the borders, particularly, the North and Northeastern borders would be intensified and drug interdiction pressures in inner areas must also be heightened.
Priority 4: To escalate law enforcement efforts in the suppression of major drug traffickers and their networks and the investigation of drug complaints with a timely providing the status of responses to complainants. Further investigation must also be carried out to expand the case to cover civil and criminal asset forfeiture.
Priority 5: To step up efforts taken by each provincial authority in keeping social order and minimizing the risk factors in communities/villages. In doing so, entertainment places, public and private youth gathering places must closely be monitored and controlled. Preventive interventions must also be carried out and promoted in each education institutes.
Priority 6: To empower communities/villages, in response to Her Majesty the Queen’s initiative to combat drugs under the project called The Queen’s Fund, it is aimed at allowing them to address their own drug problems with their own initiatives.
IV. Mechanisms and Management
For an effective implementation of the drug control policy, the National Command Centre for Combating Drugs Elimination (NCCDE) has been established and chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Police Captain Chalerm Yubumrung as the director of the NCCDE. In this regard, the Secretary-General of ONCB and Permanent Secretary of Minister of Interior are joint secretariats of the NCCDE. It aims to direct, command, supervise and follow-up implementations of all agencies concerned at national level. In response to the changing drug situation, NCCDE convenes every month. At functional level, the Command Centre to Combating Drugs at ministerial/departmental level have also been set up to ensure that NCCDE’s commands have seriously been taken by functional central authorities in an integrative manner.

In addition, the Operation Centres for Combating Drugs (OCCD) have accordingly been established as follows:

  1. Bangkok Metropolitan Command Centre for Combating Drugs (BMCCCD), chaired by Bangkok Governor.
  2. Provincial Command Centres for Combating Drugs (PCCCD), set up in each province throughout the country, led by the governor of the province.
  3. District/ Minor District Operation Centres for Combating Drugs (DOCCD or MDOCCD), led by Chief of District or Chief of Minor District
  4. Metropolitan Police Operation Centres for Combating Drugs (MPOCCD), under the authority of police commanders who are in charge of each Metropolitan Police Division 1-9.
  5. Border Operation Centres for Combating Drugs (BOCCD), under the authority of commanders general who are in charge of each the First-Fourth Army Area Command, Royal Thai Army.
  6. Royal Thai Fleet Operation Centres for Combating Drugs (RTFOCCD), under the authority of Commanders in Chief who are in charge of each the First-Third Royal Thai Fleet, Royal Thai Navy.
  7. Chantaburi-Trat Border Defense Operation Centre for Combating Drugs (C-T OCCD)
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